The Old Vicarage

North End

By Ann Handscombe and Kathryn Betts

History

In 1203 Bishop Eustace ordained a vicarage at Meldreth.  In the 1220s bishop John of Fountains confirmed the grant and reserved a payment of £5 for a resident chaplain.

Photo:The southern side of the old Vicarage house, built by Richard Willowes c. 1700 and pulled down about 1878.

The southern side of the old Vicarage house, built by Richard Willowes c. 1700 and pulled down about 1878.

Copyright Cambridge Antiquarian Society

Robert Aleyn was vicar of Meldreth from 1349 until at least 1379.  At this time, the vicarage house was situated to the north east of Holy Trinity Church, possibly on the same site as the vicarage house pictured on the right.  In 1586 the vicarage house had a parlour, hall, chamber, and kitchen. By 1685, however, it was described as poor and pitiful, and repairs were ordered.

On May 2nd 1692, Richard Willows, B.A., MA., was presented by the Bishop to the Vicarage of Meldreth.  According to W M Palmer, he pulled down "the poor pitiful house of his predecessor" and built the house pictured.  It had 15 windows and so must have been a great contrast to its forerunner.  It is not known how the money for the house was raised but it is thought that Richard Willows had money in addition to his stipend. 

Photo:A newspaper advertisement advertising materials for sale from the Old Vicarage House

A newspaper advertisement advertising materials for sale from the Old Vicarage House

3 March 1877

In 1783 the house was in good condition, but by 1807 it was in poor repair. It was repaired c. 1830, but in 1836 was described as an old, small, lath and plaster building, only suitable for a small family. It was rebuilt in the 1840s but was demolished in 1877 or 1878. Prior to demolition, materials from the house were offered for sale. (Click on the advertisement to view a larger version.)

A map of c. 1800 shows both a rectory and a vicarage house.  The vicarage house is situated to the north of the church and the rectory to the east.

After 1878, the early 19th century house east of the church on the site of the former rectory house[1] was used as the vicarage. In 1886 it was improved by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners.

Photo:Holy Trinity Church and Vicarage, c. 1930

Holy Trinity Church and Vicarage, c. 1930

Bell's Postcard supplied by Joan Gane

In 1932 Meldreth was united with the vicarage of Whaddon and the vicarage house was used as a parish room and Sunday school. It was taken into military occupation during the Second World War, and was sold by the vicar in 1945. The parishes of Meldreth and Whaddon were separated in 1952 and Meldreth was linked instead with Melbourn, where vicars now reside. 

In 1924 approximately four acres of garden and pasture were attached to the vicarage house, but by 1978 the vicar retained only two acres (the old vicarage meadow).

Valuation

Photo:The western side of the old vicarage house, c.1870.  The parsonage tithe barn is also shown, and the stile in the churchyard wall which marked the old course of the footpath to Orwell.

The western side of the old vicarage house, c.1870. The parsonage tithe barn is also shown, and the stile in the churchyard wall which marked the old course of the footpath to Orwell.

Copyright Cambridge Antiquarian Society

The vicarage was valued at 25 marks in 1217, and 30 marks in 1254 and 1291. By 1435 it was worth less than 20 marks, and less than 12 marks in 1465 and 1487. In 1535 it was worth only £4 15s 9d and in the 1560s was sequestrated presumably because of its low value. In 1650 it was valued at £20; the vicar received £16 a year, and the minister who officiated had an augmentation and received £35. In 1685 the vicarage, worth between £15 and £20, had again been sequestrated. In 1690 William Ayloffe gave two thirds of Gargrave rectory (Yorkshire) to trustees who were to pay £25 a year to the vicar of Meldreth so long as he was resident. The value of that rectory gradually fell and the vicar of Meldreth received only £12 5s. 2½d in 1833 from the endowment, and c. £7 10s in 1924, but c. £20 by 1978. In 1728 the vicarage was worth £40 excluding Ayloffe's gift, and c. £230 by 1828. Its value rose to £260 in all by 1873 and, after a grant by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, to £300 by 1885. In 1848 the rectorial lessee paid a pension of £10 to the vicar, still due in 1924 from the owner of the former rectory lands.

Sources:

  1. Victoria County History
  2. "Richard Willowes, Vicar of Meldreth 1692-1736", A Lecture given with Lantern Slides to the Young People’s Guild in the Old Chapel, Melbourn, Tuesday, March 18th 1924 by W.D. Palmer, M.D., F.S.A., of Linton.
  3. Meldreth by Beatrice Clay, 1942

[1]  According to the Victoria County History (see above) in 1650 the rectory house was a two-storey building with a hall, parlour, kitchen and offices downstairs, and chambers above. It had eight hearths and stood on the same site as the later vicarage house, east of the church. 

In 1699, we know from the Window Tax Assessment that there was both a Parsonage House and a Vicarage House.  The former was occupied by George Harrison and had 18 windows, whilst Richard Willows was the occupant of the Vicarage House.

This page was added by Ann Handscombe on 09/12/2013.

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